[Nirvana: Taking Punk To The Masses was an exhibit at The EMP Museum (now re-branded as MoPOP). The original Nirvana exhibit ran from to April 16, 2011 all the way up to March 19, 2017. Due to popular demand, a scaled-down version of the exhibit opened at MoPOP on March 16, 2018. Admission in 2018 is now $28 at the door, $26 if purchased in advance. The following review was written on Dec. 16, 2013 of the previous exhibit at the EMP Museum.]
In some ways, the EMP Museum’s Nirvana: Taking Punk To The Masses exhibit is nearly perfect. The lovingly curated exhibit tells the story of Nirvana, briefly touching on Kurt Cobain’s high school years, then documenting the band’s early years and each wave of success that followed, leading to worldwide fame and Kurt’s tragic suicide. The band’s story is told through original photographs and artwork, band posters, vinyl records and cassettes, clothing and a surprising number of actual instruments played by band members. There are multimedia video presentations throughout, providing valuable insight with important key figures. The EMP Museum, also known as the Experience Music Project, is located in downtown Seattle at Seattle Center.
The exhibit’s title gives the first insight into what this exhibit is all about. Nirvana at its core was always a punk band. They had punk rock politics and morals, they listened to punk rock and they played punk rock. The nebulous and all-encompassing “grunge” tag was of course in use in even the band’s earliest years, but it did not inform the band’s music. From its earliest years, the band wanted to pummel its listeners with noise, feedback and aggression. At the same time, the band wanted to create melodies that would stay with the listener. A wall display of drummer Dave Grohl accurately sums up this sentiment:
I think the lure of punk rock was the energy and immediacy; the need to thrash stuff around. But at the same time, we’re all suckers for a beautiful melody, you know? I loved the Beatles when I was a kid, but I loved the Bad Brains too.” – Dave Grohl, Nirvana and Foo Fighters
The dichotomy of the band’s music, chaos and destruction along with beauty and serenity, all at the same time, are what made Nirvana unique. Sure, many rock bands before and after can make similar claims, but Nirvana captured a sense of alienation that struck a chord with America’s youth. Their breakthrough album Nevermind, and especially its lead single “Smells Like Teen Spirit”, created a sense of urgency and excitement not seen since the Beatles breakthrough. With the feverish success of Nevermind, polished and radio-friendly yet seething with frustration and dissatisfaction, Nirvana did effectively bring punk to the masses, exposing millions of young people to music that they otherwise would not have heard.
The exhibit begins with three wall-size images of singer Kurt Cobain, drummer Dave Grohl and bassist Krist Novoselic, all captured in a live setting. In front of the images are their actual instruments: Novoselic’s Gibson Ripper bass, Grohl’s drum kit and Cobain’s Mosrite Gospel guitar, which was used in key shows, including the April 17, 1991 show when Nirvana first played “Smells Like Teen Spirit” live. In this same entry area is an exhaustive list of contributors to the exhibit, which in itself is quite impressive. The exhibit relies on over 100 oral histories of key figures including producers, engineers, musicians, record executives, friends and family. There is also a note about the ambient soundtrack for the exhibit, “a quadraphonic serial deconstruction of the signature two-bar riff from Nirvana’s ‘Come As You Are’”, designed by producer Steve Fisk.
After the initial entrance there is a display of two pieces of artwork from Kurt’s senior year at Aberdeen’s Weatherwax High School. The first is a pencil sketch of Ronald Reagan raising his left arm, while holding hands with a small monkey (also in Reagan’s image) with his right hand. There appears to be a cane to Reagan’s left, perhaps indicating that he is to be dragged off stage, like in the old movies. The other artwork, A New American Gothic, shows an elderly punk couple, tattooed and pierced. It’s clearly modeled after the famous painting and pop culture reference American Gothic by Grant Wood, which depicts a stoic farming couple posing in front of their home in rural Iowa.
These early artworks by Kurt are revealing in several ways. They of course show that Kurt already had an aptitude for the arts. The Reagan sketch obviously has a very strong political bent, although it’s up to interpretation what Kurt was trying to convey. The painting of the elderly punk couple is interesting in that it so neatly fits with the exhibit’s theme. It is apparent that Kurt already had a love for punk rock culture and that he already felt himself to be part of it.
The next part of the exhibit talks about the underground alternative rock scene of the 1980’s and how it laid the foundation for bands like Nirvana to follow. The bands of this era were learning how to be successful selling records and touring in an industry that treated them as outsiders. Out of this underground community, featuring differing styles and aesthetics, came the success stories of R.E.M., the Replacements, Sonic Youth, Dinosaur Jr. and the Pixies. There is an interactive map showing the main bands of this time and their locations. In the Pacific Northwest, some bands of this timeframe included the Blackouts from Seattle, Beat Happening from Olympia, the Wipers from Portland and D.O.A. from Vancouver, B.C. You may listen to any of the bands listed on the map at a headphone listening station. Continued…